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East Timor Centers

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Timor-Leste (East Timor) Centers


Known Centers based in Timor-Leste (East Timor)

If your center is not in this list and you want to be added, please contact HURIGHTS OSAKA and we will assist you.






Judicial System Monitoring Programme (JSMP)



Year Established: 2001


Short Historical Background


JSMP was established in April 2001 to monitor the processes of the Ad Hoc Human Rights Tribunal in Indonesia and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in Timor Leste. JSMP very quickly extended court monitoring and judicial system analysis to include the operations of Timor Leste’s District Courts. JSMP also undertakes legislative analysis.


JSMP undertakes extensive outreach work in Dili and through out Timor Leste. Initially the aim was to inform East Timorese people of the decisions of the Ad Hoc Tribunal and Special Panels for Serious Crimes. JSMP’s outreach work has expanded to include human rights training, training of judicial officials and district workshops explaining judicial processes and civil and political rights.


In 2004 JSMP created the Women’s Justice Unit to focus on cases involving women victims of domestic violence as a result of its research on the situation of women in the formal justice sector. In 2005 JSMP has established a Victim’s Support Service, a legal referral and legal aid service for women.






JSMP aims to be the foremost independent organization in Timor Leste that contributes to the development and improvement of the justice and legislative system through objective monitoring, analysis, advocacy and training in order to:


1. Support and advance the rule of law and human rights

2. Advance the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession and the administration of justice in full compliance with standards of international law

3. Promote the adoption and implementation of international human rights standards and other legal rules and principles that advance human rights and the rule of law

4. Promote the establishment and enforcement of a legal system which protects individuals and groups against violations of their human rights

5. Promote understanding of and compliance with the rule of law and human rights and provide assistance to those to whom the rule of law and human rights are denied

6. Promote equality and the right of everyone to receive equal and fair access to justice and treatment under the law.



Programs and Activities


1. Legal Research


This program involves 1) trial observation (monitoring of court cases, interviewing judges, court registrars, public defenders, investigators, public prosecutors and other people concerned), 2) judicial system analysis, 3) analysis of pending bills in the National Parliament and those submitted by the government, 4) lobby and advocacy work with the parliament, government, those involved in the judicial system, and the United Nations. It publishes its findings and activities through press releases, Judicial Reports and Thematic Reports.


2. Women's Justice


Monitoring and Reports – JSMP monitors the progress of women-related cases at the District Courts and generates reports on issues found significant. It also monitors and reports on actions of all justice sector actors regarding sexual assault and domestic violence cases.


Training - JSMP provides training on domestic violence guidelines for prosecutors; on formal justice system and domestic violence and sexual assault for members of the police, local government leaders and women’s groups at the districts level.


Public Education Materials – JSMP produces and distributes education materials (include posters, brochures and a radio program and a TV Show) on bringing gender-based violence cases to the formal justice system.



3. Victim Support Service (VSS)


This program is meant to provide information, advice and support to women victims for their empowerment and the improvement of their ability to access the formal justice sector. The VSS hopes to assist in the successful prosecution of cases involving sexual assault and domestic violence and improve the efficiency of the formal justice sector.



4) Outreach Unit

This unit disseminates information to the general public, provides the media with information on human rights and legal issues, and provides training on human rights and the judicial system to members of the Suco Council (village council).





Thematic Reports



• Digest of the Jurisprudence of Special Panels for Serious Crimes (English,

• Torture Survivors : Their Experiences of Violation, Truth and Justice (English, Indonesia


• Progress to Date in the Cases of Rogerio Lobato and Mari Alkatiri (Indonesia English, Tetum)

• Victim Support Service Mid-Year Report(English, Indonesia, Portuguese)



• Undang-Undang (Decree Law) No 13/2005 " Undang-Undang yang mengesahkan kitab Undang-Undang hukum acara pidana".{Terjemahan JSMP} (Indonesia)

• The Law of Gender-Based Violence in Timor-Leste (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• JSMP Training in the Districts of Timor-Leste 2005 (English, Bahasa)

• Overview of Timor Leste Justice Sector 2005 (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• Land Law Report (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• The Role, Practice and Procedure of the Court of Appeal (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• Comentários à Proposta de Lei N. 32/2004 - Estatuto do Ministério Público (Portuguese)

• Analysis of Decisions in Cases involving Women and Children Victims: June 2004 - March 2005 (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• The Paulino de Jesus Decisions (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• Torture and Transitional Justice in Timor Leste (English, Bahasa)

• Overview of the Justice Sector: March 2005 (English)

• Draft Penal Code (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• Statistics on Cases of Violence Against Women in Timor Leste (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• The Case of X: a Child Prosecuted for Crimes Against Humanity (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)

• Police Treatment of Women in Timor Leste - (English, Bahasa, Portuguese)


Judicial Monitoring Updates



• The Right to Vote (Indonesian, Portuquês, English)

• Restrictive Measure, Pre-Trial Detention, Parole and Suspension of the Execution of a Prison Sentence (Indonesian, Portuquês, English)

• The Court Needs Witness Testimony to Establish The Material Facts (Indonesian, Tetum, English)

• JSMP Comment On the Draft Legislation On East Timorese Lawyers (Indonesian, Tetum, English)

• Statement by the President of National Parliament Considered to be Incompatible with the Principle of Separation of Powers (Indonesian, Tetum, English)

• The Court Conducted a Hearing for one the Witnesses in the Presence of Other Co-Witnesses to at the Courtroom (Indonesian, Tetum, English)


(For information on publications in the previous years, and please visit www.jsmp.minihub.org/Language_English/reports_english.htm)



Other Information






Judicial System Monitoring Programme

Rua Setubal, Kolmera, Dili, Timor-Leste

Postal Address: PO Box 275, Dili, Timor-Leste VIA DARWIN

ph/fax (670) 3323 883

e-mail: info@jsmp.minihub.org






La'o Hamutuk (Instituto ba Analiza no Monitor Desenvolvimento iha Timor-Leste /Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis)



Year Established: 2000


Short Historical Background


La'o Hamutuk (LH) was founded in 2000 in Timor-Leste at the start of its transition to independence after the 24-year Indonesian occupation. LH started as a joint initiative of Timorese civil society leaders and international solidarity activists to address the major influence of international organizations (the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank), aid agencies, multinational oil companies, global commodity trade groups, etc. -- on the new nation.


Today LH is a Timor-Leste organization with international participation that monitors and reports on the activities of international institutions in Timor-Leste as they relate to the physical, economic and social reconstruction and development of the country. LH believes that the people of Timor-Leste must be the ultimate decision-makers in the development process, and that the process should be as democratic and transparent as possible. In this regard, LH provides non-partisan analysis of international activities in Timor-Leste with the goal of facilitating greater levels of effective Timorese knowledge about and participation in the reconstruction and development of their country.





LH aims

1) To monitor, analyze and provide information on the development of Timor-Leste, and to help make that process more just and responsive to Timor-Leste needs and desires

2) To empower the people of Timor-Leste, especially women, to participate more effectively in the development process

3) To facilitate relationships between the people of Timor-Leste and international solidarity networks, providing information on alternative development models

4) To increase communication and understanding between the people of Timor-Leste and international institutions and donors

5) To advocate for improvements in transparency, economic and social justice, human rights and democracy

6) To help Timor-Leste learn about and avoid the pitfalls of globalization, petroleum dependency and export-oriented “free market” economic policies.





LH researches and investigates several broad issues as in the following:


1. Natural resources, especially oil and gas. This includes petroleum dependency, revenue management, regulation of oil companies, environment, transparency, accountability, sustainability and human and community rights. 

2. Agriculture and food security, including agriculture policy, land rights, markets, irrigation, farm-to-market transport and other aspects of life in rural areas.

3. Governance, including justice, security, rule of law, human rights, civic education, elections, legislation, state institutions, decentralization and government administration.

4. Economic development, including foreign investment, privatization, globalization and trade, especially in sectors other than petroleum and agriculture.

5. Social services, including health, education, communications, water, electricity and infrastructure.





1) Research - through analysis of documents, interview with policy-makers and intended beneficiaries, and consultation with experts from around the world.

2) Publishing Bulletin every few months, with reports based on LH's research and other information

3) Maintenance of website and email list

4) Broadcasting weekly radio program "Igualidade"

5) Holding public meetings that bring together panels of decision-makers and civil society

6) Maintenance of a resource center (library) with books, electronic and audio-visual materials

7) Advocacy through the media, organizing coalitions, and direct personal contact

8) Information dissemination to the international and local media.




Special Concerns





• La'o Hamutuk Bulletin (English and Bahasa Indonesia)

• Annual and other special reports

• B ooks

o Sunrise LNG in Timor-Leste: Dreams, Realities and Challenges (English and Indonesian, 2008),

o Tansa Mak Tenke Kuba (Tetum, 2005)

o Kekuasaan, Gender dan Perubahan Social: Memoria Intercambio Nicaragua-Timor Lorosa'e (Indonesian, 2003)



Other Information




La'o Hamutuk

(Instituto ba Analiza no Monitor Desenvolvimento iha Timor-Leste /Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis)

1/1a Rua Mozambique, Farol, Dili, Timor-Leste

P.O. Box 340, Dili, Timor-Leste

mobile: (670) 7234330

ph (670) 3325-013

e-mail: info@laohamutuk.org



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